Brittle, dull, and weak hair – does not necessarily sound like a dream mane. Intensive coloring, styling, and extreme temperatures open the protective cuticle layer of the hair. Through the open surface, the hair not only loses moisture, but the protruding scales also prevent the reflection of light, so that the hair looks dull and dull. The result: dry hair looks strawy, is prone to split ends, and can even break off. Dry hair is therefore primarily stressed hair. What helps against it, practical household remedies, and styling tips.
Causes of dry hair
The triggers for dry hair are manifold. In addition to organic causes and environmental influences, the season and the genes can also be responsible for dry hair.
Extreme heat and cold cause hair to dry out faster. While in summer, the combination of chlorine-salt water and sun swell the hair and then let it dry out, in winter the change between cold outside air and dry heating air roughens the cuticle layer of the hair, which leads to flying hair. Hot blow-dryer air or styling tools also remove moisture and leave the hair strawy in the long run.
Regular hair coloring and bleaching and the excessive use of styling products (especially alcohol-based products) damage the hair. The cuticle layer of the hair is opened during hair treatments so that the hair core is unprotected. If the cuticle layer is not closed again and regeneration is supported, the hair can become very dry and break off.
If your body lacks important nutrients such as minerals, trace elements, or vitamins, this can also affect your hair. They appear porous, weak, and without shine. A balanced and nutrient-rich diet is essential for beautiful hair and healthy skin.
Every hair wash, no matter how gentle, removes a little oil and moisture from the hair. Dry hair should therefore only be washed every second or third day. Shampoos with moisturizing ingredients such as aloe vera or glycerin are ideal. They can replenish the moisture reserves inside the hair. When washing your hair with the appropriate shampoos, first thoroughly moisten the hair with water, lather a small amount of shampoo with a little water in your hand, and massage it only into the scalp. This will preserve the dry lengths and tips.
Especially in women, hormonal changes can also be the reason for dry hair. While in puberty the sebum production is too strong and the hair becomes greasy faster, the opposite is true in menopause: scalp and hair dry out.
Do you have curls? Then your hair has a natural tendency to dryness. This is because, unlike straight hair, the fat on the scalp cannot easily slip down the hair and provide it with moisture.
Dry hair, what to do?
Every wash removes moisture from your hair. That’s why hairdressers advise not to wash dry hair too often (e.g. every 2-3 days) and not to use too hot water. You should also only wash the hairline so that the already dry ends are not dehydrated even more. Let your hair dry in the air after washing or choose a low heat setting when blow-drying. By the way, the airflow when blow-drying should come from above, so the cuticle layer closes better and the hair holds the moisture better.
Shampoos for dry hair
Do you suffer from very dry hair? Then you should use moisturizing shampoos when washing your hair. Apply these shampoos mainly at the roots and massage them in. When choosing shampoos, look for ingredients such as jojoba and coconut oil. Shampoos with aloe vera or algae extracts also provide moisture.
6 tips for dry hair
- Massage: regular head massages stimulate the blood circulation of the scalp and thus also the sebum production. Thus the hair is better supplied with fat.
- Brush: 100 brush strokes a day for beautiful shiny hair? You can forget this hair myth because excessive combing is more of a burden than care. If you comb carefully with a coarse-pronged comb or a brush made of natural hair, the sensitive dry hair will not break off so quickly.
- Diet: dietary supplements with omega-3 fatty acids can help to make hair less dry and shiny. Of course this only works in combination with a balanced diet.
- Pillow: a silk pillow sounds decadent? Hair and skin will thank you for it. Because rough materials like cotton rub against your hair at night and wear it out. Smooth silk, on the other hand, allows the hair to glide gently over the pillow and also doesn’t extract as much moisture.
- Sun protection: sun protection factor in creams has almost become a matter of course. To protect the hair from the sun and environmental factors are not yet so common. Especially people with dry hair should use a UV spray in summer or protect their hair with a hat or cloth.
- Dry: hot blow-dry air can dry out stressed hair even more. Hair should therefore be left to dry in the air. Or set the hairdryer to the highest fan speed but lowest heat setting and keep it at a distance of about 30 cm from the hair.
Important: Always direct the airflow from the roots downwards, so that the cuticle layer of the hair is better attached and is not additionally strained.
The result: The hair structure looks healthier, the hair shines more. For dry, curly hair, hairdryers with diffuser attachment are ideal, which dry the hair gently without smudging it, – so the curls remain nicely bundled.
Household remedies against dry hair
A warm shower is much more fun, but it damages your hair. At the end of the shower, you should rinse your hair once cold. This is a simple household remedy against dry hair because the refreshing coolness causes the scales of the hair to contract so that the inside of the hair is protected from environmental influences.
Regularly apply high-quality hair treatments or oils such as jojoba, almond, argan, coconut, or olive oil to the hair and especially the ends: The oils moisturize and at the same time act as a protective shield around the outer layer of the hair.
Mix apple vinegar with water and work the mixture into the hair like a conditioner. The acidic vinegar conditioner closes the hair scales.
Hibiscus flowers are considered the secret weapon for dry hair. Pour hot water over the dried flowers and let them cool down. Pour the brew into the hair, massage well, and rinse with cold water. As with vinegar rinse, the acid of the hibiscus plant closes the hair scales and then makes the hair shine.
Styling tips and hairstyles for dry hair
Dry hair does not like long styling sessions, because many mousses and hair sprays contain alcohol, which draws even more moisture from already damaged hair. Styling treatments that require heat (e.g. straightening or blow-drying) also stress the hair and take away more moisture.
Instead of product- and heat-intensive styling, you should focus on more naturalness for dry hair and, if possible, use only soft hair bands (without metal pieces) to put your hair together. In order to tame your hair and to ensure that the hairstyle still fits well, it is better to use waxes and oils. These release moisture and conjure even with dry hair a beautiful hairstyle.
This haircut helps with strawy hair
Who has very dry hair and tends to split ends and broken hair tips, can ask the hairdresser for a special split end cut. The hair is not shortened in length, but twirled and then only the protruding broken ends are removed. Many hairdressers also swear by a cut with hot scissors. The heat seals the tips of the hair and dry, brittle hair does not separate further.