Which treatment is really useful for couperose and which dos and don’ts apply in general? Here are the most important facts.
Couperose – what is it?
The term couperose comes from the French and means translated “copper rose” or “copper fin”. It refers to dilatations of small superficial blood vessels, which are characterized by a characteristic copper-red coloration. They indicate a weakness of the connective tissue.
These dilated veins (the so-called telangiectasias) occur in the skin diseases couperosis and rosacea or rosacea and are macroscopically visible dilatations of superficially located smallest blood vessels (e.g. capillaries) on the skin.
Where do the red veins come from?
The fine red veins that shimmer through the skin are usually most clearly visible on the cheeks and around the nose.
The causes: Mostly couperose is actually hereditary. But it can also be caused by intensive sunbathing, high blood pressure, alcohol or weakness of the connective tissue – or it can be the consequence of rosacea or rosacea.
This is an inflammatory skin disease whose triggers have not yet been sufficiently clarified, but which unfortunately occurs very frequently (even more frequently than neurodermatitis).
Rhinophyma, a reddened, bulbous thickening of the tip of the nose, the so-called bulbous nose, is feared, but only occurs in the advanced stage of rosacea and usually affects older men.
What to do in case of couperose?
For skincare one should definitely fall back on special care, especially pharmacy cosmetics has specialized in this skin phenomenon. Pay special attention to the ingredients of the care products: Perfumed products contain essential oils that promote excessive blood flow to the fine veins.
In addition, the products should not contain alcohol, mineral oils, or silicone oils, because applying an oily cream is rather counterproductive for skin prone to couperose. This is because such a cream forms an insulating layer that heats the skin tissue. The red veins become even more prominent. It is therefore recommended to provide the skin with sufficient moisture.
Which skin cleansing is suitable for couperose?
In general: Coarse peelings should not be applied to the areas affected by couperose. A good alternative is enzyme peelings. They are particularly gentle on the skin and yet free the pores from dead skin cells. This is important so that the skin is not additionally stressed by impurities. With make-up removal products, as with all other care products, make sure that they do not contain perfume, alcohol, or mineral oil and are suitable for particularly sensitive skin.
It glows! Emergency strategies
Especially in winter, many affected people know the problem: The redness increases. If you come in again after a longer stay outside, your facial skin glows for hours. What to do?
Calming is now the order of the day, but do not provoke any additional irritation of the sensitive facial skin. To soothe the skin, you can apply moist compresses every day so that the veins become narrower. Compresses with black tea, horsetail, horse chestnut, or arnica strengthen the connective tissue and thus prevent the further spread of couperose. Cooling gels with mint, eucalyptus, or camphor can also be a good treatment for couperose. Always pleasant: spray thermal water on the face. Special masks against redness also soothe overheated skin areas.
Note: Nothing that could provoke the skin should be included in skincare; anything that is anti-inflammatory does it well. We have compiled an overview of some recommendable products for you in our overview.
Make-up for couperose: Make-up in green
Couperose can be concealed with special green masking pens. The green make-up is dabbed onto the affected areas of skin, spread with the fingers or a soft sponge, and patted into the skin. The green neutralizes the reddened areas. Then a normal foundation in the skin tone is applied over it and finally matted with powder.
Important when choosing a foundation: choose a well-covering, highly pigmented make-up that promises long-lasting hold. There are also special concealing compact powders (with green pigments) that provide reliable coverage. If the redness is not so pronounced, a skin-colored dermatological face powder (some products contain rose, kidney vetch, witch hazel, black tea, or silk, for example) is sufficient. If the skin is additionally irritated by-products containing perfume, the concealing effect is gone.
Very important, not only in summer: Sun protection
Sunscreen products with a high sun protection factor (preferably 50) or sun blockers are important. Dermatologists even recommend never leaving home without sunscreen. Because the sun can make couperose worse. Especially the overheating of the skin by direct infrared radiation of sunlight damages couperose skin. When choosing a sunscreen, make sure that it does not contain essential oils or strong fragrances. Sensitive skin also dislikes preservatives such as parabens. There are also sun creams with concealing green or skin-colored pigments that save the additional make-up.
Couperose – You should avoid these things
In general, coffee, tea, and alcohol should be avoided, as they promote vascular changes. If you suffer from couperose, you should refrain from smoking, as nicotine constricts the blood vessels, causing blood to congest and more and more veins to burst. Sauna visits and steam baths as well as brush massages promote reddening of the face and are therefore better avoided.
DIY treatment with facial massage
Massages and strong rubbing of the reddened areas should be avoided. However, there is a special massage technique that is used in medical cosmetics. It focuses on training the vessels and can alleviate couperose with blood circulation-promoting masks and stimulation of the connective tissue. The treatment should be carried out over a period of three months, preferably once a week. From medically trained beauticians, from approx. 40 Euro.
And so you can do the Søbye massage yourself at home: It is best to apply the daycare first, then run your ring and middle finger over the affected areas in gently circling movements. Apply sometimes more, sometimes less pressure – and try not to move the skin too much. Massage each area for about 20 seconds, then switch to the next. Repeat in the evening for faster effects.