There are numerous skin diseases, some of which are very similar in their symptoms. Some diseases are purely cosmetic problems, other skin diseases require medical treatment. Our pictures of common skin diseases should serve as a first assessment – but they do not replace a visit to a doctor with a professional diagnosis.
Most common symptoms of skin diseases:
Acute and chronic skin diseases are often accompanied by severe itching. The changes in the skin can occur on the face as well as on the whole body.
Most common skin diseases:
- Couperose and rosacea
- Skin Cancer
It is to drive out of the skin: Red, scaly, sometimes weeping eczema and unbearable itching are the typical symptoms of the chronic inflammatory skin disease neurodermatitis. It is often also called atopic eczema or atopic dermatitis. Typically, skin symptoms occur in phases or intensify in relapses.
Couperose, also known as copper fin or copper rose, is a genetically determined dilation of the small superficial blood vessels in the skin. Particularly in the area of the cheeks and the nose – more rarely on the neck or décolleté – reddish or bluish veins and redness appear. In the beginning, this redness often disappears again after some time, but in the later course of couperosis the redness can persist for a longer time. Symptoms such as extreme dryness, feelings of tightness, burning, or itching often occurs. Couperose is a purely cosmetic problem, but it can also be a precursor to another skin disease.
Often the terms couperosis and rosacea are used synonymously due to the very similar symptoms, although this is not entirely correct from a medical point of view. In both cases, there is redness and visible veins in the face, but couperose is only a precursor of rosacea. In rosacea, red papules and pustules may appear and in some cases, the eyes are reddened. In severe rosacea, the skin may thicken and excess tissue may form.
Psoriasis is one of the most common chronic skin diseases besides neurodermatitis and contact eczema. The skin becomes very scaly in individual areas, especially on the elbows, knees, or even on the scalp, and red areas form which are covered with silvery scales and itch strongly.
Are these just pimples or is it already acne? The difference lies mainly in the severity of the skin changes. If it does not remain with individually occurring pimples or blackheads, it is called acne. Mostly acne vulgaris is meant, the common acne that affects between 60 and 80 percent of all young people. If acne occurs in adults over the age of 25, it is called acne tarda, late acne, or adult acne. Most often, the pimples spread to the face, back and chest. Medical treatment is necessary for about one-third of all those affected.
Symptoms of acne:
- Blackheads (comedones)
- small skin thickenings (papules)
- pus-filled blisters (pustules)
- inflamed nodules
- basically oily skin
Herpes labialis is the most common form of herpes: the small secretion-filled blisters on the lip are a perioral infection, i.e. a viral infection around the mouth. The triggers are often found on poorly rinsed glasses or dishes, but there is also a high risk of infection when kissing.
By the way: although most people carry viruses that cause lip herpes, the disease only breaks out in one in five.
Shingles (Herpes zoster)
Lip herpes is not the only form of herpes. Herpes zoster, for example, can cause shingles, a viral disease that can only occur if you have already had chickenpox. Typical is a belt-shaped skin rash consisting of redness and blisters, which hurts severely and can affect any part of the body.
Melanoma skin cancer
In order to detect melanoma skin cancer at an early stage, you can examine your body yourself for abnormalities. What is particularly treacherous, however, is that you often cannot distinguish malignant melanoma from a mole with the naked eye. Therefore, if in doubt, one should play it safe and consult a dermatologist who can make a reliable diagnosis with the help of an electronic magnifying glass. A typical melanoma is a flat, dark, irregularly colored skin spot. It can be brown to black, bluish, reddish, or rarely whitish.
Tip: People who have been diagnosed with melanoma report that the affected skin area has previously changed in size, shape or color. One should pay attention to this!
Although chickenpox is a typical childhood disease, it can also occur in adults who were not affected in childhood. Characteristic of the skin disease is the red, very itchy skin rash, which develops from the third to the fifth day of illness. Symptoms are small, red spots that spread over the body in waves and develop into blisters within a short time. These are filled with a clear liquid, which is very itchy, bursts open, and becomes crusty after one or two days. The majority of the blisters form on the stomach, back, and face.
And you should also take a look at this: Torn mouth compresses, spots on the nails and co. – what the body wants to tell us with these symptoms!